ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES AS KEY PLAYERS IN LOCAL RESILIENCE
The Local DRRM Office
The Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (LDRRM) managers are at the forefront of LDRRM as they take in the challenge of enhancing the resilience of their respective communities where disaster incidents take place. These means strengthening institutional coping capacities and adaptive capacities of organizations and individuals.
RA 10121 mandates the establishment of LDRRMOs in provinces, cities, and municipalities, and Barangay DRRM Committees in barangays.
NDRRMC-DILG-DBM-CSC JMC 2013-2 provides for the implementing guidelines for the Establishment of the LDRRMOs and BDRRMCs.
The LDRRMO is considered a mandatory office, and the BDRRMC, a mandatory committee.
The provincial, city or municipal DRRM Officer, and three staff for administration and training, research and planning, and operations and warning are mandatory positions.
The budgetary requirements for PS, maintenance, and other operating expenditures, and capital outlay shall be sourced from the General Fund of the LGU.
Other maintenance and other operating expenditures, and other capital outlay requirements of the LDRRMO or BDRRMC in the implementation of DRRM programs shall be charged to the LDRRMF subject to the provisions of the Joint NDRRMC, DBM, and DILG Memorandum Circular No. 2013-1 and COA Circular No. 2012-002.
AT THE BARANGAY LEVEL
The BDRRMC shall be a regular commitment to the Barangay Development Council and shall be subject thereto.
The Punong Barangay shall facilitate and ensure the participation of at least two CSO representatives from existing and active community-based people’s organizations representing the most vulnerable and marginalized groups in the barangay.
The members of the BDRRMC shall include community representatives to be responsible for: (1) administration and training; (2) research and planning; and (3) operations and warning.
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE MDRRMO
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE MUNICIPAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT COUNCIL
FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF LDRRMO
The LDRRMO, within their territorial jurisdiction, shall be responsible for setting the direction, development, implementation, and coordination of DRRM programs, and shall perform the following functions and those that may be authorized by the LDRRMC.
Specific functions are divided among its sub-offices:
- a. Research and Planning
- Administrative and Training
- c. Operations and Warning
DRRM Research and Planning
- Design, program, and coordinate DRRM activities, consistent with the NDRRMC’s standards and guidelines;
- Facilitate and support risk assessments and contingency planning activities at the local level;
- Consolidate local disaster risk information which includes natural hazards, vulnerabilities, and climate change risks, and maintain a local risk map;
- Conduct research and development initiatives on DRRM;
- Formulate and implement a comprehensive and integrated Local DRRM Plan (LDRRMP) in accordance with the national, regional, and provincial framework, and policies on DRR in close coordination with the Local Development Council (LDC);
- Prepare and submit to the Local Sanggunian through the Local DRRM Council and the LDC the annual LDRRMO;
- Plan and budget, the proposed programming of the LDRRMF, other dedicated DRRM resources, and other regular funding source/s and budgetary support of the LDRRMO or BDRRMC;
- Maintain a database of human resource and their capacities, equipment, directories, and location of critical infrastructures such as hospitals and evacuation centers;
- Serve as the Secretariat and executive arm of the Local DRRM Council (LDRRMC);
- Recommend through the LDRRMC the enactment of local ordinances consistent with RA 10121;
- Prepare and submit, through the LDRRMC and the LDC, the report on the utilization of the LDRRMF and other dedicated DRRM resources to the local COA, copy furnished the regional director of the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) and the local government operations officer of the DILG; and
- Involve the most vulnerable sectors (women, children, senior citizens, and PWD) in risk assessment and planning.
Administrative and Training
- Organize and conduct training, orientation, and knowledge management activities on DRRM at the local level;
- Identify, assess and manage the hazards, vulnerabilities and risks that may occur in their locality;
- Identify and implement cost-effective risk reduction measures and or strategies;
- Disseminate information and raise public awareness about those hazards, vulnerabilities, and risks;
- Take all necessary steps on a continuing basis to maintain, provide, or arrange the provision of, or to otherwise make available, suitably-trained and competent personnel for effective civil defense and DRRM in its area;
- Organize, train, equip and supervise the local emergency response teams and the accredited community disaster volunteers (ACDVs), ensuring that humanitarian aid workers are equipped with basic skills to assist mothers to breastfeed;
- Within its area, promote and raise public awareness of, and compliance with RA 10121 and legislative provisions relevant to the purpose of the latter;
- Implement policies, approve plans and programs of the LDRRMC consistent with the policies and guidelines laid down in RA 10121; and
- Train the most vulnerable sectors (women, children, senior citizens, and PWD) in DRRM, especially in disaster preparedness.
DRRM Operations and Warning
- Operate a multi-hazard early warning system, linked to DRR to provide accurate and timely advice to national or local emergency response organizations and to the general public, through diverse mass media, particularly radio, landline communications, and technologies for communication within;
- Conduct continuous disaster monitoring and mobilize instrumentalities and entities of the LGUs, CSOs, private groups and organized volunteers, to utilize their facilities and resources for the protection and preservation of life and properties during emergencies in accordance with existing policies and procedures;
- Develop, strengthen, and operationalize mechanisms for partnership or networking with the private sector, CSOs, and volunteer groups;
- Respond to and manage the adverse effects of emergencies and carry out recovery activities in the affected area, ensuring that there is an efficient mechanism for immediate delivery of food, shelter and medical supplies for women and children, endeavor to create a special place where internally-displaced mothers can find help with breastfeeding, feed and care for their babies and give support to each other;
- Coordinate other DRRM activities;
- Establish linkage and or network with other LGUs for DRR and emergency response purposes;
- Establish a municipal, and barangay DRRM Operations Center; Give early warning to the most vulnerable sectors (women, children, senior citizens, and PWD) to respond to their needs;and
- Respond to and manage the adverse effects of emergency and carry out recovery activities to the most vulnerable areas especially to the vulnerable sectors (women, children, senior citizens, and PWD).